1. What initiated Marshall Plan?
The Marshall Plan is economic assistance provided by the United States to countries devastated by World War II. On June 5, 1947, Marshall called for help for Europe in a speech at Harvard University. "To be honest, Europe needs food aid from abroad for the next three to four years, especially from America. This need is bigger than its ability," said Marshall.
He suggested that European countries design their economic improvement programs which the United States would assist in the future.
2. Is Marshall Plan related to Block Politic (the influence of Communism)?
The aim of the Marshall Plan was to assist in the economic recovery of countries after World War II and to reduce the influence of the communist party within it. In order to combat the effects of the Marshall Plan, the USSR developed its own economic plan, known as the Molotov Plan, despite the fact that a large amount of resources from the Eastern Bloc countries to the Soviet Union were paid as reparations, to the countries participating in the Axis Power during war.
3. Do you think we should have similar plan in order to speed up our economic development in the remote/underdeveloped areas such as Papua, Ambon, Sulawesi and Kalimantan?
Foreign assistance to accelerate the economic development of the Indonesian nation, especially eastern Indonesia and remote / underdeveloped areas such as Papua, Ambon, Sulawesi and Kalimantan, is very much needed.
However, as the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, all assistance in any form from abroad must go through the Central Government of the Republic of Indonesia, not foreign countries without the knowledge of the central government directly provide assistance or grants to regions within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia.